Breed of the Month – February 2021

The Pug

Breed Background

The pug is one of the world’s oldest dog breeds, dating back before 400 B.C.  Originally bred to be companions to the ruling families of China, pugs were highly valued family members that lived in luxury and were even guarded by soldiers.  The breed was later spread to other parts of Asia where they were kept as companions to Buddhist monks in monasteries in Tibet.  In the 16th century, the pug made its way to Europe where it quickly became another royal favorite in European courts.  Ever a fan favorite, the pug now ranks at #28 in AKC breed popularity. 


Often described as “a lot of dog in a small space,” the pug is full of love and personality.  Pugs are robust, playful, mischievous and always seem to have a sense of humor.  True to their origins, they are wonderful companions and make great family pets and adapt well to lifestyles with all ages.  Expressive and intuitive, pugs are known to match their owner’s moods and are eager to please.

Fun Facts
  • In 1572, the Dutch Prince William of the House of Orange was saved from Spanish assassins by his pet pug, Pompey.  The pug is now considered the official dog of the House of Orange.

  • Before their marriage, Napoleon’s wife Josephine used her pet pug Fortune to carry concealed messages while she was confined at Les Carnes prison.

  • A group of three or more pugs is called a grumble!

  • Due to their short snouts, pugs cannot cool the air they breathe.  Like other brachycephalic breeds, they are prone to overheating, reverse sneezing and snoring. 

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